Characterization of a novel aspartic protease from Trichoderma asperellum for the preparation of duck blood peptides

Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology(2024)

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A novel aspartic protease gene ( Tapro A1) from Trichoderma asperellum was successfully expressed in Komagataella phaffii ( Pichia pastoris ). Ta proA1 showed 52.8% amino acid sequence identity with the aspartic protease PEP3 from Coccidioides posadasii C735. Ta proA1 was efficiently produced in a 5 L fermenter with a protease activity of 4092 U/mL. It exhibited optimal reaction conditions at pH 3.0 and 50 °C and was stable within pH 3.0–6.0 and at temperatures up to 45 °C. The protease exhibited broad substrate specificity with high hydrolysis activity towards myoglobin and hemoglobin. Furthermore, duck blood proteins (hemoglobin and plasma protein) were hydrolyzed by Ta proA1 to prepare bioactive peptides with high ACE inhibitory activity. The IC 50 values of hemoglobin and plasma protein hydrolysates from duck blood proteins were 0.105 mg/mL and 0.091 mg/mL, respectively. Thus, the high yield and excellent biochemical characterization of Ta proA1 presented here make it a potential candidate for the preparation of duck blood peptides. Key points • An aspartic protease (TaproA1) from Trichoderma asperellum was expressed in Komagataella phaffii. • TaproA1 exhibited broad substrate specificity and the highest activity towards myoglobin and hemoglobin. • TaproA1 has great potential for the preparation of bioactive peptides from duck blood proteins.
Trichoderma asperellum,Aspartic protease,Komagataella phaffii,Biochemical characterization,Duck blood peptides
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