Hexanoic acid production and microbial community in anaerobic fermentation: Effects of inorganic carbon addition

Xiaofeng Ji, Zhengang Chen, Yingmeng Shen, Longlong Liu,Ranran Chen,Jiying Zhu

Bioresource Technology(2024)

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Carbon dioxide (CO2) plays a crucial role in carbon chain elongation with ethanol serving as an electron donor. In this study, the impacts of various carbonates on CO2 concentration, hexanoic acid production, and microbial communities during ethanol-butyric acid fermentation were explored. The results showed that the addition of MgCO3 provided sustained inorganic carbon and facilitated interspecific electron transfer, thereby increasing hexanoic acid yield by 58%. MgCO3 and NH4HCO3 inhibited the excessive ethanol oxidation and decreased the yield of acetic acid by 51% and 42%, respectively. The yields of hexanoic acid and acetic acid in the CaCO3 group increased by 19% and 15%, respectively. The NaHCO3 group exhibited high headspace CO2 concentration, promoting acetogenic bacteria enrichment while reducing the abundance of Clostridium_sensu_stricto_12. The batch addition of NaHCO3 accelerated the synthesis of hexanoic acid and increased its production by 26%. The relative abundance of Clostridium_sensus_stricto_12 was positively correlated with hexanoic acid production.
Carbon chain elongation,Carbonates,CO2 concentration,Excessive ethanol oxidation
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