Network engineering of organosilica membranes for efficient pervaporation dehydration

Separation and Purification Technology(2024)

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摘要
In the petroleum industry, the mixing of ethanol (EtOH), isopropanol (IPA), and n-butanol (n-BuOH) with water is a prevalent occurrence in both production and recovery phases. Obtaining the required degree of purity via dehydration poses a significant challenge that needs to be addressed. Pervaporation has emerged as a promising method for separating azeotropic mixtures due to its energy efficiency and independence from vapor-liquid equilibrium constraints. In this study, organosilica precursors, namely 1,2-bis(triethoxysilyl)ethane (BTESE), 1,2-bis(triethoxysilyl)ethylene (BTESEthy), and 1,2-bis(triethoxysilyl)acetylene (BTESA), were utilized for the fabrication of organosilica membranes using the sol–gel method. Subsequently, these membranes were employed for pervaporation dehydration of EtOH, IPA, and n-BuOH. This study investigates the effect of the degree of unsaturation of the bridged group, feed composition, and C atom count of alcohol on membrane dehydration performance. The membranes demonstrated superior separation performance for the n-butanol/water mixtures compared to other alcohol/water systems investigated. In this particular context, BTESE membrane exhibited a significant separation factor, although accompanied by a reduced permeation flux. Conversely, BTESA membrane demonstrated a decreased separation factor but an increased permeation flux. The comparison between gas permeation and pervaporation highlighted that the separation mechanism was primarily governed by molecular sieving through the organosilica membranes.
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关键词
Organosilica membrane,Pervaporation dehydration,Sol-gel,Alcohol/water separation,Molecular sieving
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