Efficient Remote Entanglement Distribution in Quantum Networks: A Segment-Based Method

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORK AND SERVICE MANAGEMENT(2024)

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摘要
Entanglement distribution between distant quantum nodes plays an essential role in realizing quantum networks' capabilities. In addition to path selection, remote entanglement distribution involves two pivotal quantum operations, i.e., entanglement generation and entanglement swapping. The existing studies mainly adopt two methods, i.e., Tell-and-Generation (TAG) and Tell-and-Swapping (TAS), to manage these two quantum operations on a selected path. However, both methods fatally introduce redundant stop-and-wait processes, which are detrimental to the performance of remote entanglement distribution in terms of latency and fidelity. To achieve low-latency and high-fidelity entanglement distribution between far-off quantum nodes, we propose a segment-based method consisting of an entanglement generation algorithm and a segment design to diminish the unnecessary stop-and-wait processes. The entanglement generation algorithm adopts a concurrent design to establish entanglement links using the one-demand generation model, thus effectively reducing waiting time compared to hop-by-hop and parallel designs. The segment design is proposed to split a long-distance path into multiple short-haul segments with the similar ability to swap entanglement, and these segments build multi-hop entanglement connections in parallel. Extensive simulations show that the segment-based method significantly outperforms the existing methods, including TAG and TAS, in entanglement distribution latency and effectively mitigates fidelity attenuation.
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关键词
Quantum entanglement,Repeaters,Photonics,Quantum networks,Laser beams,Quantum system,Quantum decoherence,entanglement distribution,entanglement swapping,segment-based method
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