Amino acids analysis reveals serum methionine contributes to diagnosis of the Kawasaki disease in mice and children.

Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis(2023)

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BACKGROUND:Kawasaki disease (KD) patients often lack early and definitive diagnosis due to insufficient clinical criteria, whereas biomarkers might accelerate the diagnostic process and treatment. METHODS:The KD mouse models were established and thirteen amino acids were determined. A total of 551 serum samples were collected including KD patients (n = 134), HCs (n = 223) and KD patients after intravascular immunoglobulin therapy (IVIG, n = 194). A paired analysis of pre- and post-IVIG was employed in 10 KD patients. RESULTS:The pathological alterations of the aorta, myocardial interstitium and coronary artery vessel were observed in KD mice; the serum levels of methionine in KD mice (n = 40) were markedly altered and negatively correlated with the C-reactive protein levels. Consistent with the mouse model, serum methionine were significantly decreased in KD children, with the relative variation ratio of KD with HCs above 30% and AUROC value of 0.845. Serum methionine were correlated with Z-Score and significantly restored to the normal ranges after KD patient IVIG treatment. Another case-control study with 10 KD patients with IVIG sensitivity and 20 healthy controls validated serum methionine as a biomarker for KD patients with AUROC of 0.86. Elevation of serum DNMT1 activities, but no differences of DNMT3a and DNMT3b, were observed in KD patients when comparing with those in the HCs. CONCLUSIONS:Our study validated that serum methionine was a potential biomarker for KD, the alteration of which is associated with the activation of DNMT1 in KD patients.
Kawasaki disease,Mouse model,Serum methionine,Biomarker,DNMTs
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