Effect of Nurse Support in the Immediate Postpartum Period on Mothers’ Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Levels in Turkey: A Quasi-Experimental Study

Maternal and Child Health Journal(2024)

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Objectives This study aimed to determine the effect of nurse-based breastfeeding support during the immediate postpartum period on mothers’ breastfeeding self-efficacy levels. Methods A quasi-experimental study was conducted with 256 mothers in the immediate postpartum period (128 in the intervention group who received nurse-based breastfeeding support and routine care and 128 in the control group who received routine care) during February–June 2018. Data were collected using the Mother-Infant Data Sheet, the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form (BSES-SF), and the Nurse-Parent Support Tool (NPST). Results BSES-SF and NPST mean scores of mothers in the intervention group were higher than those of mothers in the control group ( p < 0.01). While the association between breastfeeding self-efficacy and nurse support was low in the control group (0.271), it was rather high in the intervention group (0.693) ( p < 0.05). It was found that nurse support explained 48% of the variance in breastfeeding self-efficacy in the intervention group, but only 7.3% of the variance in breastfeeding self-efficacy in the control group. Conclusions for Practice The results of the study indicate that nurse support for mothers in the immediate postpartum period based on breastfeeding training has a positive impact on breastfeeding self-efficacy.
Breastfeeding self-efficacy,Nurse support,Training,Immediate postpartum
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