Preclinical in vivo assessment of a cell-free multi-layered scaffold prepared by 3D printing and electrospinning for small-diameter blood vessel tissue engineering in a canine model

Biomaterials science(2023)

引用 0|浏览5
暂无评分
摘要
Tissue-engineered vascular grafts (TEVGs) are promising alternatives to existing prosthetic grafts. The objective of this study is to evaluate the clinical feasibility of a novel multi-layered small-diameter vascular graft that has a hierarchical structure. Vascular grafts with elaborately designed composition and architecture were prepared by 3D printing and electrospinning and were implanted into the femoral artery of 5 dogs. The patency of the grafts was assessed using Doppler ultrasonography. After 6 months, the grafts were retrieved and histological and SEM examinations were conducted. During implantation, the grafts exhibited resistance to kinking and no blood seepage thanks to the helical structure of the innermost and outermost layers. The grafts showed a high patency rate and remodelling ability. At 6 months post-implantation, the lumen was endothelialized and middle layers were regenerated by infiltration of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM). These results suggest that the multi-layered vascular graft may be a promising candidate for small-diameter blood vessel tissue engineering in clinical practice.
更多
查看译文
AI 理解论文
溯源树
样例
生成溯源树,研究论文发展脉络