New therapeutic concepts against ischemia-reperfusion injury in organ transplantation.

Expert review of clinical immunology(2023)

引用 0|浏览13
INTRODUCTION:Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) involves a positive amplification feedback loop that stimulates innate immune-driven tissue damage associated with organ procurement from deceased donors and during transplantation surgery. As our appreciation of its basic immune mechanisms has improved in recent years, translating putative biomarkers into therapeutic interventions in clinical transplantation remains challenging. AREAS COVERED:This review presents advances in translational/clinical studies targeting immune responses to reactive oxygen species in IRI-stressed solid organ transplants, especially livers. Here we focus on novel concepts to rejuvenate suboptimal donor organs and improve transplant function using pharmacologic and machine perfusion (MP) strategies. Cellular damage induced by cold ischemia/warm reperfusion and the latest mechanistic insights into the microenvironment's role that leads to reperfusion-induced sterile inflammation is critically discussed. EXPERT OPINION:Efforts to improve clinical outcomes and increase the donor organ pool will depend on improving donor management and our better appreciation of the complex mechanisms encompassing organ IRI that govern the innate-adaptive immune interface triggered in the peritransplant period and subsequent allo-Ag challenge. Computational techniques and deep machine learning incorporating the vast cellular and molecular mechanisms will predict which peri-transplant signals and immune interactions are essential for improving access to the long-term function of life-saving transplants.
AI 理解论文
Chat Paper