Clinicopathological and molecular characteristics of gastric papillary adenocarcinoma.

Pathology international(2023)

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Papillary adenocarcinoma is defined as carcinoma with a well-defined papillary or villous structure. Despite sharing clinicopathological and morphological features with tubular adenocarcinomas, papillary adenocarcinomas frequently show microsatellite instability. The present study aimed to clarify the clinicopathological features, molecular classification, and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression characteristics of papillary adenocarcinoma, especially tumors with microsatellite instability. We examined the microsatellite status and expression of mucin core proteins and PD-L1 as well as the clinicopathological features in 40 gastric papillary adenocarcinomas. Surrogate immunohistochemical analysis of p53 and mismatch repair proteins along with Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA in situ hybridization were performed for molecular classification. Female predominance and frequent microsatellite instability were observed in papillary adenocarcinoma in comparison with tubular adenocarcinoma. The presence of microsatellite instability in papillary adenocarcinoma was significantly correlated with older age, tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, and Crohn's-like lymphoid reactions. Surrogate examination demonstrated that the genomically stable type (17 cases, 42.5%) was the most common, followed by the microsatellite-unstable type (14 cases, 35%). Among the seven cases showing PD-L1-positive expression in tumor cells, four involved carcinomas with microsatellite instability. These results reveal the clinicopathological and molecular characteristics of gastric papillary adenocarcinoma.
Crohn's-like lymphoid reaction, microsatellite instability, papillary adenocarcinoma, PD-L1, stomach, tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte
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