Segmented continuously varying pulse interval sequence design for extremely high-resolution spaceborne sliding spotlight SAR

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REMOTE SENSING(2023)

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摘要
Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) is an active microwave remote sensing device used to obtain high-resolution SAR images.With the development of SAR, extremely high-resolution SAR (i.e. resolution reaching 0.1 m) plays an increasingly important role in applications such as target recognition. In extremely high-resolution spaceborne SAR, the variation of slant range history becomes extremely severe, resulting in echoes of interest overlapping with transmitted pulses and nadir echoes when transmitting the pulses at constant pulse intervals (PIs), further causing the loss of echo data. Although a continuously varying pulse interval (CVPI) system can expand the tolerance of slant range variation to some extent, overlap still occurs when the variation in slant range exceeds a certain threshold. Thus, this paper proposes segmented CVPI sequence design methods to solve the data acquisition problem in the situation of severe variation in slant range history. The timing diagram- and strip layering diagram-based segmented CVPI sequence design methods, which are suitable for the acquisition of spaceborne SAR data with any variation of slant range, are given. The characteristics of the two methods are analysed. Finally, several computer simulations indicate that the echoes generated by the proposed methods are not overlapped, which verifies the validity of the proposed methods.
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关键词
Spaceborne sliding spotlight SAR,extremely high resolution,segmented continuously varying pulse interval,system design
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