Extreme Emission Reduction Requirements for China to Achieve World Health Organization Global Air Quality Guidelines.

Environmental science & technology(2023)

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A big gap exists between current air quality in China and the World Health Organization (WHO) global air quality guidelines (AQG) released in 2021. Previous studies on air pollution control have focused on emission reduction demand in China but ignored the influence of transboundary pollution, which has been proven to have a significant impact on air quality in China. Here, we develop an emission-concentration response surface model coupled with transboundary pollution to quantify the emission reduction demand for China to achieve WHO AQG. China cannot achieve WHO AQG by its own emission reduction for high transboundary pollution of both PM and O. Reducing transboundary pollution will loosen the reduction demand for NH and VOCs emissions in China. However, to meet 10 μg·m for PM and 60 μg·m for peak season O, China still needs to reduce its emissions of SO, NO, NH, VOCs, and primary PM by more than 95, 95, 76, 62, and 96% respectively, on the basis of 2015. We highlight that both extreme emission reduction in China and great efforts in addressing transboundary air pollution are crucial to reach WHO AQG.
WHO air quality guidelines,emission reduction,fine particulate matter,ozone,transboundary pollution
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