Ultrathin Wood-Derived Conductive Carbon Composite Film for Electromagnetic Shielding and Electric Heating Management


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Recently, wood-based composites have absorbed widespread concern in the field of electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding due to their sustainability and inherent layered porous structure. The channel structure of wood is often used to load highly conductive materials to improve the EMI shielding performance of wood-based composites. However, there is little research on how to use pure wood to prepare ultrathin EMI shielding materials. Herein, ultrathin veneer is obtained by cutting wood in parallel to the annual rings. Then, carbonized wood film (CWF) is prepared by a simple two-step compressing and carbonization. The specific EMI shielding effectiveness (SSE/t) of CWF-1200 with an ultrathin thickness (140 mu m) and high electrical conductivity (58 S cm(-1)) can reach 9861.41 dB cm(2) g(-1), which is much higher than other reported wood-based materials. In addition, the zeolitie imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8) nanocrystals are grown in situ on the surface of the CWF to obtain CWF/ZIF-8. CWF/ZIF-8 exhibits an EMI shielding effectiveness (SE) of up to 46 dB and an ultrahigh SSE/t value of 11 330.04 dB cm(2) g(-1) in X band. In addition, the ultrathin CWF also shows an excellent Joule heating effect. Therefore, the development of ultrathin wood-based film provides a research basis for wood biomass to replace traditional non-renewable and expensive electromagnetic (EM) shielding materials.
carbon composites,EMI shielding,Joule heating,wood-based films,ZIF-8
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