Tetrathiomolybdate Decreases the Expression of Alkaline Phosphatase in Dermal Papilla Cells by Increasing Mitochondrial ROS Production.

International journal of molecular sciences(2023)

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Dermal papilla cells (DPCs) play important roles in hair growth regulation. However, strategies to regrow hair are lacking. Here, global proteomic profiling identified the tetrathiomolybdate (TM)-mediated inactivation of copper (Cu) depletion-dependent mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase (COX) as the primary metabolic defect in DPCs, leading to decreased Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) production, mitochondrial membrane potential depolarization, increased total cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, and reduced expression of the key marker of hair growth in DPCs. By using several known mitochondrial inhibitors, we found that excessive ROS production was responsible for the impairment of DPC function. We therefore subsequently showed that two ROS scavengers, N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) and ascorbic acid (AA), partially prevented the TM- and ROS-mediated inhibition of alkaline phosphatase (ALP). Overall, these findings established a direct link between Cu and the key marker of DPCs, whereby copper depletion strongly impaired the key marker of hair growth in the DPCs by increasing excessive ROS production.
ALP,ROS,copper,dermal papilla cells,hair follicle
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