Tunable magnetic and electronic properties of armchair BeN 4 nanoribbons.

Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP(2023)

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Recently, layered BeN as a novel Dirac semimetal has been fabricated (M. Bykov, T. Fedotenko, S. Chariton ., 2021, , 175501). Motivated by the experiment, we perform first-principles calculations to predict the stability, magnetic configurations, and electronic structures of unsaturated BeN nanoribbons with an armchair-terminated edge. The magnetic interactions and electronic properties of BeN nanoribbons are sensitively influenced by the edge morphology. The BeN nanoribbons with both edges occupied by Be atoms undergo a transition from a ferromagnetic (FM) metal to an antiferromagnetic (AFM) semiconductor with the increase of ribbon width. The configurations with edges situated by Be and N atoms are FM/ferrimagnetic (FIM) metals or nearly half-metals, and the spin polarizability is as high as 85% when the ribbon width is = 5. The nanoribbons with both edge sites occupied by pentagonal N atoms are nonmagnetic (NM), while the nanoribbons terminated by N atoms in a hexagonal ring are FM metals. We also explore the magnetic properties and band structures of BeN nanoribbons with hydrogen passivation. Our results open up a versatile edge engineering avenue to design BeN-based spintronic and nanoelectronic devices.
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