Association for Academic Surgery Electronic Patient Portal Use After Kidney Transplant: A Single-Center Retrospective Study

Journal of Surgical Research(2023)

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Introduction: Online patient portals have become a core component of patient-centered care. Limited research exists on such portal use in patients after kidney transplantation. The aim of this study was to examine preoperative, perioperative, and postoperative factors associated with post-transplantation portal use.Methods: This cross-sectional study included all patients who underwent kidney transplantation from April 2016 to May 2019 at the University of Toledo Medical Center. Exclusion criteria included international travel for transplantation and those without available postoperative lab or follow-up records. Data were collected for 2 y posttransplantation. Univariable and multivariable linear regression was performed to determine associations with portal use.Results: Two hundred and forty-seven kidney transplant recipients were included in the study; 35.6% (n = 88) used the portal versus 64.4% (n = 159) did not. Preoperative factors associated with increased use included income >$40,000 (odds ratio [OR], 2.95; P = 0.006) and cancer history (OR, 2.46; P = 0.007), whereas diabetes history had reduced use (OR, 0.51; P = 0.021). The Black race had the least use. Perioperatively, reduced use was associated with dialysis before transplant (OR, 0.25; P < 0.001) and hospital stay >= 4 d (OR, 0.49; P = 0.009). Postoperatively, associations with increased use included average eGFR >30 (P = 0.04) and hospital readmissions (n = 102), whereas those with ER (n = 138) visits had decreased use. Multivariable analysis revealed increased use with income >$40,000 (OR, 2.51; P = 0.033).Conclusions: There was no observed difference in clinical outcomes for portal users and non-users undergoing kidney transplantation, although portal use may decrease the likelihood of ER visits. Socioeconomic status and ethnicity may play a role on who utilizes the patient portals. 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Chronic kidney disease,Electronic health record,Healthcare disparities,Kidney transplant,Patient portal,Social determinants of health
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