Study of Chloride Ion Diffusion in Coral Aggregate Seawater Concrete with Different Water-Cement Ratios under Load.

Materials (Basel, Switzerland)(2023)

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This study was conducted to investigate the chloride ion transport in coral aggregate seawater concrete (CASC) with varying water-cement ratios under different loads. The ultimate compressive strength was obtained by conducting compression testing of three groups of CASC with different water-cement ratios. Steady loads of 0%, 10%, and 20% of their respective ultimate compressive strengths were applied to the concrete specimens with different water-cement ratios. After being subjected to a seawater erosion test for 30, 60, 90, 120, and 180 days, the chloride ion concentration at different depths was measured to determine the chloride ion diffusion coefficient. Meanwhile, the chloride ion diffusion coefficients of CASC were verified by comparing them with results obtained from numerical simulations performed using COMSOL software. The test results show that the internal pore space of CASC expands, leading to acceleration of the chloride ion transport rate when applied loads are increased. The initial chloride ion concentration of CASC rises as the water-cement ratio rises, and the concentration gradient formed with artificial seawater lowers, decreasing the chloride ion transport rate. When the water cement ratio decreases and the load increases, the diffusion coefficient increases. Using the numerical simulation method of COMSOL software, it was proved that the model has good applicability and accuracy in predicting chloride ion transport in CASC.
COMSOL,chloride ion diffusion coefficient,coral aggregate seawater concrete,load,water–cement ratio
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