TBK1 phosphorylation activates LIR-dependent degradation of the inflammation repressor TNIP1

Journal of Cell Biology(2022)

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Limitation of excessive inflammation due to selective degradation of pro-inflammatory proteins is one of the cytoprotective functions attributed to autophagy. In the current study, we highlight that selective autophagy also plays a vital role in promoting the establishment of a robust inflammatory response. Under inflammatory conditions, here TLR3-activation by poly(I:C) treatment, the inflammation repressor TNIP1 (TNFAIP3 interacting protein 1) is phosphorylated by TBK1 (Tank-binding kinase 1) activating a LIR motif that leads to the selective autophagy-dependent degradation of TNIP1, supporting expression of pro-inflammatory genes and proteins. Thus, similarly as in cancer, autophagy may play a dual role in controlling inflammation depending on the exact state and timing of the inflammatory response. Summary Autophagy is well known for its anti-inflammatory effects. Here, we highlight that selective, autophagy-dependent degradation of the inflammation repressor TNIP1 supports pro-inflammatory gene and protein expression. Similarly as in cancer, autophagy appears to play a dual role in controlling inflammation. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.
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