Machine learning based modelling and optimization in hard turning of AISI D6 steel with newly developed AlTiSiN coated carbide tool

A Das, S R Das,J P Panda, A Dey,K K Gajrani, N Somani,N Gupta


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In recent times Mechanical and Production industries are facing increasing challenges related to the shift toward sustainable manufacturing. In this article, machining was performed in dry cutting condition with a newly developed coated insert called AlTiSiN coated carbides coated through scalable pulsed power plasma technique in dry cutting condition and a dataset was generated for different machining parameters and output responses. The machining parameters are speed, feed, depth of cut and the output responses are surface roughness, cutting force, crater wear length, crater wear width, and flank wear. The data collected from the machining operation is used for the development of machine learning (ML) based surrogate models to test, evaluate and optimize various input machining parameters. Different ML approaches such as polynomial regression (PR), random forest (RF) regression, gradient boosted (GB) trees, and adaptive boosting (AB) based regression are used to model different output responses in the hard machining of AISI D6 steel. The surrogate models for different output responses are used to prepare a complex objective function for the germinal center algorithm-based optimization of the machining parameters of the hard turning operation.
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