An Empirical History of the US Postal Savings System

SOCIAL SCIENCE HISTORY(2020)

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Abstract
Seeking to reach the unbanked, the US Postal Savings System provided a federally insured savings alternative to traditional banks. Using novel data sets on postal deposits, demographic characteristics, and banks, we study how and by whom the system was used. We find the program was initially used by nonfarming immigrant populations for short-term saving, then as a safe haven during the Great Depression, and finally as long-term investments for the wealthy during the 1940s. Postal Savings was only a partial substitute for traditional banks, as locations with banks often still heavily used Postal Savings.
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Key words
Postal Savings Banks,Commercial Banking,Post Office,Bank Competition,Unbanked,Under-banked
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