Predictive modelling of drop ejection from damped, dampened wings by machine learning.

PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY A-MATHEMATICAL PHYSICAL AND ENGINEERING SCIENCES(2020)

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摘要
The high frequency, low amplitude wing motion that mosquitoes employ to dry their wings inspires the study of drop release from millimetric, forced cantilevers. Our mimicking system, a 10-mm polytetrafluoroethylene cantilever driven through +/- 1mm base amplitude at 85Hz, displaces drops via three principal ejection modes: normal-to-cantilever ejection, sliding and pinch-off. The selection of system variables such as cantilever stiffness, drop location, drop size and wetting properties modulates the appearance of a particular ejection mode. However, the large number of system features complicate the prediction of modal occurrence, and the transition between complete and partial liquid removal. In this study, we build two predictive models based on ensemble learning that predict the ejection mode, a classification problem, and minimum inertial force required to eject a drop from the cantilever, a regression problem. For ejection mode prediction, we achieve an accuracy of 85% using a bagging classifier. For inertial force prediction, the lowest root mean squared error achieved is 0.037 using an ensemble learning regression model. Results also show that ejection time and cantilever wetting properties are the dominant features for predicting both ejection mode and the minimum inertial force required to eject a drop.
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关键词
data-driven,vibration,drop deformation,hysteresis,moisture removal
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