MicroNAS: Memory and Latency Constrained Hardware-Aware Neural Architecture Search for Time Series Classification on Microcontrollers

arXiv (Cornell University)(2023)

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This paper presents MicroNAS, a system designed to automatically search and generate neural network architectures capable of classifying time series data on resource-constrained microcontrollers (MCUs) and generating standard tf-lite ML models. MicroNAS takes into account user-defined constraints on execution latency and peak memory consumption on a target MCU. This approach ensures that the resulting neural network architectures are optimised for the specific constraints and requirements of the MCU on which they are implemented. To achieve this, MicroNAS uses a look-up table estimation approach for accurate execution latency calculations, with a minimum error of only 1.02ms. This accurate latency estimation on MCUs sets it apart from other hardware-aware neural architecture search (HW-NAS) methods that use less accurate estimation techniques. Finally, MicroNAS delivers performance close to that of state-of-the-art models running on desktop computers, achieving high classification accuracies on recognised datasets (93.93% on UCI-HAR and 96.33% on SkodaR) while running on a Cortex-M4 MCU.
time series classification,micronas,architecture search,hardware-aware
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