# Algorithmic error mitigation for quantum eigenvalues estimation

arXiv (Cornell University)（2023）

Abstract

When estimating the eigenvalues of a given observable, even fault-tolerant quantum computers will be subject to errors, namely algorithmic errors. These stem from approximations in the algorithms implementing the unitary passed to phase estimation to extract the eigenvalues, e.g. Trotterisation or qubitisation. These errors can be tamed by increasing the circuit complexity, which may be unfeasible in early-stage fault-tolerant devices. Rather, we propose in this work an error mitigation strategy that enables a reduction of the algorithmic errors up to any order, at the cost of evaluating the eigenvalues of a set of observables implementable with limited resources. The number of required observables is estimated and is shown to only grow polynomially with the number of terms in the Hamiltonian, and in some cases, linearly with the desired order of error mitigation. Our results show error reduction of several orders of magnitude in physically relevant cases, thus promise accurate eigenvalue estimation even in early fault-tolerant devices with limited number of qubits.

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Key words

algorithmic error mitigation,quantum,estimation

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