Control of Microrobots Using Model Predictive Control and Gaussian Processes for Disturbance Estimation


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This paper presents a control framework for magnetically actuated micron-scale robots ($\mu$bots) designed to mitigate disturbances and improve trajectory tracking. To address the challenges posed by unmodeled dynamics and environmental variability, we combine data-driven modeling with model-based control to accurately track desired trajectories using a relatively small amount of data. The system is represented with a simple linear model, and Gaussian Processes (GP) are employed to capture and estimate disturbances. This disturbance-enhanced model is then integrated into a Model Predictive Controller (MPC). Our approach demonstrates promising performance in both simulation and experimental setups, showcasing its potential for precise and reliable microrobot control in complex environments.
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