Ptychographic non-line-of-sight imaging for depth-resolved visualization of hidden objects

Pengming Song, Qianhao Zhao,Ruihai Wang, Ninghe Liu, Yingqi Qiang,Tianbo Wang, Xincheng Zhang,Yi Zhang, Liangcai Cao,Guoan Zheng


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Non-line-of-sight (NLOS) imaging enables the visualization of objects hidden from direct view, with applications in surveillance, remote sensing, and light detection and ranging. Here, we introduce a NLOS imaging technique termed ptychographic NLOS (pNLOS), which leverages coded ptychography for depth-resolved imaging of obscured objects. Our approach involves scanning a laser spot on a wall to illuminate the hidden objects in an obscured region. The reflected wavefields from these objects then travel back to the wall, get modulated by the wall's complex-valued profile, and the resulting diffraction patterns are captured by a camera. By modulating the object wavefields, the wall surface serves the role of the coded layer as in coded ptychography. As we scan the laser spot to different positions, the reflected object wavefields on the wall translate accordingly, with the shifts varying for objects at different depths. This translational diversity enables the acquisition of a set of modulated diffraction patterns referred to as a ptychogram. By processing the ptychogram, we recover both the objects at different depths and the modulation profile of the wall surface. Experimental results demonstrate high-resolution, high-fidelity imaging of hidden objects, showcasing the potential of pNLOS for depth-aware vision beyond the direct line of sight.
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