# Retinex-based image denoising / contrast enhancement using gradient graph laplacian regularizer

2023 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON IMAGE PROCESSING, ICIP（2023）

Abstract

Images captured in poorly lit conditions are often corrupted by acquisition noise. Leveraging recent advances in graph-based regularization, we propose a fast Retinex-based restoration scheme that denoises and contrast-enhances an image. Specifically, by Retinex theory we first assume that each image pixel is a multiplication of its reflectance and illumination components. We next assume that the reflectance and illumination components are piecewise constant (PWC) and continuous piecewise planar (PWP) signals, which can be recovered via graph Laplacian regularizer (GLR) and gradient graph Laplacian regularizer (GGLR) respectively. We formulate quadratic objectives regularized by GLR and GGLR, which are minimized alternately until convergence by solving linear systemswith improved condition numbers via proposed preconditionersvia conjugate gradient (CG) efficiently. Experimental results show that our algorithm achieves competitive visual image quality while reducing computation complexity noticeably.

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Key words

Image denoising,contrast enhancement,graph signal processing,numerical linear algebra

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