New Electron-Transporting Materials Based on Pyrimidine and Thiazolopyridine Moieties for High-Efficiency Organic Light-Emitting Diodes

Sunwoo Park, Mahendra Godi, Nikita Khairnar,Hyukmin Kwon, Sangwook Park,Hayoon Lee,Kiho Lee,Jongwook Park

PHYSICA STATUS SOLIDI A-APPLICATIONS AND MATERIALS SCIENCE(2024)

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摘要
Using the pyrimidine moiety with electron-accepting capability and the thiazolopyridine moiety, commonly used as a moiety with an electron-withdrawing group in organic semiconductors, for the first time 2-(3-(4,6-di(phenanthren-9-yl)pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)thiazolo[5,4-b]pyridine (DPPTP) is designed and synthesized to enhance electron transport capabilities compared to the conventional electron-transporting layer, tris(8-hydroxyquinoline)aluminum (Alq3). The photoluminescence maxima in solution and film states are observed at 391 and 410 nm, respectively. Although the photoluminescence quantum yield is relatively low at 2% in the solution state, it increases to 28% in the film state. The measured electron mobility values from the fabricated device range from 1.46 x 10-5 to 2.0 x 10-5 cm2 V-1 s-1, approximate to 5.7 times faster than the electron mobility of Alq3. In a fluorescent blue device utilizing the newly synthesized DPPTP as the electron-transporting layer, the current efficiency is 4.36 cd A-1, and the external quantum efficiency is 3.76%, representing a 1.3-fold improvement in efficiency compared to Alq3 devices. 2-(3-(4,6-di(phenanthren-9-yl)pyrimidin-2-yl)phenyl)thiazolo[5,4-b]pyridine (DPPTP) is synthesized to improve electron transport capabilities in comparison to the conventional electron-transporting layer, Alq3. The measured electron mobility values obtained from the fabricated device range between 1.46 x 10-5 and 2.0 x 10-5 cm2 V-1 s-1, approximate to 5.7 times faster than the electron mobility of Alq3.image (c) 2024 WILEY-VCH GmbH
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关键词
electron-transporting materials,organic light-emitting diodes,pyrimidine derivatives,thiazolopyridine derivatives
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