Decomposing Temporal Equilibrium Strategy for Coordinated Distributed Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning

Chenyang Zhu, Wen Si, Jinyu Zhu, Zhihao Jiang

AAAI 2024(2024)

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The increasing demands for system complexity and robustness have prompted the integration of temporal logic into Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning (MARL) to address tasks with non-Markovian properties. However, incorporating non-Markovian properties introduces additional computational complexities, as agents are required to integrate historical data into their decision-making process. Also, optimizing strategies within a multi-agent environment presents significant challenges due to the exponential growth of the state space with the number of agents. In this study, we introduce an innovative hierarchical MARL framework that synthesizes temporal equilibrium strategies through parity games and subsequently encodes them as individual reward machines for MARL coordination. More specifically, we reduce the strategy synthesis problem into an emptiness problem concerning parity games with optimized states and transitions. Following this synthesis step, the temporal equilibrium strategy is decomposed into individual reward machines for decentralized MARL. Theoretical proofs are provided to verify the consistency of the Nash equilibrium between the parallel composition of decomposed strategies and the original strategy. Empirical evidence confirms the efficacy of the proposed synthesis technique, showcasing its ability to reduce state space compared to the state-of-the-art tool. Furthermore, our study highlights the superior performance of the distributed MARL paradigm over centralized approaches when deploying decomposed strategies.
MAS: Agent/AI Theories and Architectures,MAS: Multiagent Learning
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