Monitoring the Water Quality Distribution Characteristics in the Huaihe River Basin Based on the Sentinel-2 Satellite

Xuanshuo Shi,Zhongfeng Qiu, Yunjian Hu, Dongzhi Zhao, Aibo Zhao, Hui Lin, Yating Zhan,Yu Wang,Yuanzhi Zhang

WATER(2024)

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Abstract
Remote sensing technology plays a crucial role in the rapid and wide-scale monitoring of water quality, which is of great significance for water pollution prevention and control. In this study, the downstream and nearshore areas of the Huaihe River Basin were selected as the study area. By utilizing spectral information from standard solution measurements in the laboratory and in situ water quality data matched with satellite spatiotemporal data, inversion models for total phosphorus (TP) and ammonia nitrogen (NH3-N) water quality parameters were developed. The validation results using field measurements demonstrated that the inversion models performed well, with coefficients of determination (R2) of 0.7302 and 0.8024 and root mean square errors of 0.02614 mg/L and 0.0368 mg/L for total phosphorus and ammonia nitrogen, respectively. By applying the models to Sentinel-2 satellite images from 2022, the temporal and spatial distribution characteristics of total phosphorus and ammonia nitrogen concentrations in the study area were obtained. The ammonia nitrogen concentration ranged from 0.05 to 0.30 mg/L, while the total phosphorus concentration ranged from 0.10 to 0.40 mg/L. Overall, the distribution appeared to be stable. The southern region of the Guan River estuary showed slightly higher water quality parameter concentrations compared to the northern region, while the North Jiangsu Irrigation Main Canal estuary was affected by the dilution of river water, resulting in lower concentrations in the estuarine area.
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Key words
Huaihe River Basin,water quality parameters,Sentinel-2,spatiotemporal distribution
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