Modeling coupled growth and motion of solid-air dendrite induced by convection in liquid hydrogen using phase-field lattice Boltzmann method

International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer(2024)

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The safety hazard arising from the growth, condensation and accumulation of trace air in liquid hydrogen deserves attention. In order to predict the microstructural growth evolution and oxygen solute segregation distribution characteristics during solid-air dendrite motion induced by solution convection, a partially saturated bounce-back lattice Boltzmann coupled non-isothermal phase field method (PSLBM-PF) is proposed in this study. The partially saturated bounce-back lattice Boltzmann method (PSLBM) is employed to calculate the flow field and the forces and moments between the fluid and solid phases, and the phase field method (PF) is utilized for the computation of the growth of solid-air dendrites and the distribution of solute segregation. The motion of solid-air dendrites is determined by the momentum equation. The accuracy of the calculated interaction forces between fluid and solid phases was validated through the sedimentation process of circular particles in the liquid, and the capability of the present model to preserve the shape during solid-air dendrite motion (translational and rotational) was confirmed. Subsequently, this model was employed to investigate the growth and sedimentation motion of solid-air dendrites with different growth orientations in the solution. During dendrite settlement, the growth of the lower dendrite arms is promoted, while the settlement velocity and the solid phase fraction are almost unaffected by the growth orientation. Then, the differences in morphology evolution and solute distribution under conditions of forced convection for both stationary and motion are comparatively investigated, utilizing the free growth of solid-air dendrites under convection-free conditions as a reference. Finally, the model was utilized to study the growth of individual solid-air dendrites as well as translational and rotational motion under the action of shear flow. The presence of convection significantly alters the solute and temperature distributions at the solid-liquid interface, thereby influencing the dendrite growth process. The simulation results indicate that this model can predict the solid-air dendrites microstructural growth evolution and oxygen solute segregation distribution accompanying the convection and motion.
Phase field method,Solid-air dendrites,Convection,Motion
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