A publicly available deep learning model and dataset for segmentation of breast, fibroglandular tissue, and vessels in breast MRI

Christopher O. Lew, Majid Harouni, Ella R. Kirksey, Elianne J. Kang,Haoyu Dong,Hanxue Gu,Lars J. Grimm,Ruth Walsh, Dorothy A. Lowell,Maciej A. Mazurowski

Scientific Reports(2024)

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Breast density, or the amount of fibroglandular tissue (FGT) relative to the overall breast volume, increases the risk of developing breast cancer. Although previous studies have utilized deep learning to assess breast density, the limited public availability of data and quantitative tools hinders the development of better assessment tools. Our objective was to (1) create and share a large dataset of pixel-wise annotations according to well-defined criteria, and (2) develop, evaluate, and share an automated segmentation method for breast, FGT, and blood vessels using convolutional neural networks. We used the Duke Breast Cancer MRI dataset to randomly select 100 MRI studies and manually annotated the breast, FGT, and blood vessels for each study. Model performance was evaluated using the Dice similarity coefficient (DSC). The model achieved DSC values of 0.92 for breast, 0.86 for FGT, and 0.65 for blood vessels on the test set. The correlation between our model’s predicted breast density and the manually generated masks was 0.95. The correlation between the predicted breast density and qualitative radiologist assessment was 0.75. Our automated models can accurately segment breast, FGT, and blood vessels using pre-contrast breast MRI data. The data and the models were made publicly available.
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