TUMTraf Event: Calibration and Fusion Resulting in a Dataset for Roadside Event-Based and RGB Cameras

Christian Creß,Walter Zimmer, Nils Purschke, Bach Ngoc Doan, Sven Kirchner, Venkatnarayanan Lakshminarasimhan, Leah Strand,Alois C. Knoll

IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Vehicles(2024)

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Event-based cameras are predestined for Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). They provide very high temporal resolution and dynamic range, which can eliminate motion blur and improve detection performance at night. However, event-based images lack color and texture compared to images from a conventional RGB camera. Considering that, data fusion between event-based and conventional cameras can combine the strengths of both modalities. For this purpose, extrinsic calibration is necessary. To the best of our knowledge, no targetless calibration between event-based and RGB cameras can handle multiple moving objects, nor does data fusion optimized for the domain of roadside ITS exist. Furthermore, synchronized event-based and RGB camera datasets considering roadside perspective are not yet published. To fill these research gaps, based on our previous work, we extended our targetless calibration approach with clustering methods to handle multiple moving objects. Furthermore, we developed an early fusion, simple late fusion, and a novel spatiotemporal late fusion method. Lastly, we published the TUMTraf Event Dataset, which contains more than 4,111 synchronized event-based and RGB images with 50,496 labeled 2D boxes. During our extensive experiments, we verified the effectiveness of our calibration method with multiple moving objects. Furthermore, compared to a single RGB camera, we increased the detection performance of up to +9 challenging night with our presented event-based sensor fusion methods. The TUMTraf Event Dataset is available at https://innovation-mobility.com/tumtraf-dataset.
Event-Based Cameras,RGB Cameras,Sensor Fusion,Targetless Calibration,Multi-modal Dataset,Intelligent Transportation Systems
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