The effect of written document in perioperative information on the anxiety level and family-centered care of parents of children undergoing ambulatory surgery: A randomized controlled trial

Sevinc Akkoyun, Fatma Tas Arslan,Tamer Sekmenli

JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC NURSING-NURSING CARE OF CHILDREN & FAMILIES(2024)

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摘要
Purpose: To evaluate the effect of preoperative information based on written documents on anxiety levels and the family-centered care of parents of pediatric patients who had ambulatory surgery.Design and methods: It is a randomized controlled study. Parents were randomly divided into two groups as intervention (n = 30) and control (n = 30). Parents in the intervention group were given written document and verbal information the day before the surgery. A brochure was prepared in accordance with the verbal information describing the perioperative process as a written document. The control group was given only verbal in-formation. Parental State Anxiety Inventory (SAI) and Family Centered Care Assessment Scale (FCCAS) were assessed before and within 1-2 h after surgery, with verbal information based on written documentation. Data were evaluated with Student's t-test for dependent and independent groups and mixed design ANOVA test for timexgroup interaction. Partial eta square (eta 2) was calculated for the effect size.Results: There was a significant difference between the post-intervention pretest and posttest SAI and FCCAS scores of the parents in the intervention and control groups (p < 0.05). Time group interactions anxiety and family-centered care (p < 0.001) scores had a significant and large effect size.Conclusion: Verbal information supported by written documentation before pediatric ambulatory surgery can reduce parental SAI and increase parental FCCAS more than standard care.Practice implications: Providing written document-based information to parents before surgery may be beneficial in reducing SAI and increasing FCCAS.
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关键词
Anxiety,Family-centered care,Parent,Pediatric ambulatory surgery,Written document
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