Exceptionally large fracture strength and stretchability of 2D ReS2 and ReSe2

Guy Alboteanu,Assaf Ya'akobovitz

NANOSCALE(2024)

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Abstract
Two-dimensional rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and rhenium diselenide (ReSe2) have gained popularity due to their outstanding optoelectronic properties. However, their mechanical behavior has not been investigated experimentally and many of their mechanical parameters are still unexplored. Here we conducted atomic force microscopy (AFM) indentation experiments and extracted their Young's moduli and found that it is thickness-independent. In addition, we found that both materials are capable of sustaining large pretension. Importantly, fracture tests showed that these materials exhibit exceptionally large fracture strength (32.9 +/- 2.4 GPa and 27.7 +/- 3.9 GPa for ReS2 and ReSe2, respectively) and stretchability (up to 24.2% for ReS2 and 23.0% for ReSe2). Therefore, this study shows the superior mechanical properties of ReS2 and ReSe2. Thus, it will open the path for their future integration into advanced applications that will benefit from their outstanding mechanical durability and attractive optoelectronic properties, such as flexible photodetectors, stretchable photonic devices, and strain-engineered electronics.
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