Composition optimization and hydrogen storage properties of Ti-V-Mn-Fe alloys

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY(2024)

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摘要
Ti-V-based hydrogen storage alloys have garnered interest owing to their salient advantages of reversible hydrogen absorption/desorption at room temperature and excellent kinetic properties. However, the complicated smelting technology of high-purity V metal renders expensive prices, hampering their large-scale production and application. Herein, to overcome this hurdle, abundant and inexpensive Mn and Fe are added to obtain Ti-V-Mn-Fe hydrogen storage alloys. The novel alloy compositions were obtained using a uniform design method. The hydrogen absorption/desorption behaviors of alloys prepared using arc melting technology were analyzed in detail. Systematic investigations show that the activation, kinetics, and thermodynamic properties of alloys are closely correlated with the Ti/(Mn + Fe) ratios. The designed alloy compositions have a multiphase structure with a body-centered cubic (BCC) main phase. The lattice parameters of the BCC phase increase with increasing Ti/(Mn + Fe) ratio, and the large lattice parameters of alloys are beneficial to facilitate the diffusion of hydrogen atoms, resulting in fast kinetics. A reasonable Ti/(Mn + Fe) ratio positively affects the hydrogen storage properties. Among them, the Ti40V40Mn2Fe18 alloy with Ti/(Mn + Fe) = 2 achieved a hydrogen absorption capacity of 3.472 wt% at 298 K and an effective reversible hydrogen storage capacity of 1.485 wt% above 0.1 MPa at 363 K. This study provides a novel insight for designing Ti-V-based alloy compositions via the uniform design method.
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关键词
Ti-V-based hydrogen storage alloys,Uniform design method,Composition optimization,Element addition,Hydrogen storage properties
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