When is a robot a cobot? moving beyond manufacturing and arm-based cobot manipulators

Matthias R. Guertler, Laura Tomidei,Nathalie Sick,Marc G. Carmichael,Gavin Paul, Annika Wambsganss,Victor Hernandez Moreno, M. Sazzad Hussain

Proceedings of the Design Society(2023)

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摘要
Abstract Collaborative robots (“cobots”) have attracted growing attention in academia and industry over the last years. Due to in-built safety features and easy programming, they allow for close human-cobot collaboration and support e.g. flexible manufacturing. However, the lack of a common understanding what a cobot is along with its traditional focus on arm-based cobots complicates further research and industry adoption. Thus, this paper analyses the variety of definitions in literature incl. standards and practice examples to derive a consistent and holistic definition and taxonomy of what a collaborative robot is. Aside from contributing a structured overview of various forms of human-robot collaboration, this builds an important foundation for future research as it systematically differentiates different cobot types. Companies and other organisations will benefit by a better understanding of what type of cobot they need and how to ensure safe collaboration.
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cobot,robot,manufacturing,arm-based
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