Template-free scalable roll-to-roll fabrication of textured transparent film for passive radiation cooling of photovoltaics

MANUFACTURING LETTERS(2023)

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摘要
Solar panels contributed to over 115,000 GWh of energy being produced in the United States and solar panel energy consumption has increased by 27 % at the start of the 21st century. Given the decrease of photovoltaic efficiency at higher temperatures and the increasing demand for clean energy, the development of an economical technology for solar panel cooling is necessary. Passive cooling can be achieved by infrared radiating into space. Typical solar arrays require large functional areas in order to supply a significant amount of power as compared to other sources. As such, any method to help reduce the temperature of the solar panel surfaces needs to maintain manufacturing scalability for sustainable use. We demonstrate a rapid, low-cost, template-free roll coating method to fabricate photonic composite film with SiO2 nanoparticles which possess high emissivity in the atmospheric transparent window while passing visible and near infrared light to photovoltaics beneath. When facing direct sunlight at summer noon, the coatings show a 3.5°C temperature decrease without loss of photovoltaic efficiency while having hydrophobic and contamination-resistance merits.
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关键词
Roll coating,Scalable manufacturing,Passive cooling,Photovoltaics,Micro-structures,Nanoparticles
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