A mempolar transistor made from tellurium

Yong Yang, Lujie Xu, Mingwei Xu,Huan Liu, Dameng Liu, Wenrui Duan,Jing Pei,Huanglong Li

arXiv (Cornell University)(2023)

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Abstract
The classic three-terminal electronic transistors and the emerging two-terminal ion-based memristors are complementary to each other in various nonconventional information processing systems in a heterogeneous integration approach, such as hybrid CMOS/memristive neuromorphic crossbar arrays. Recent attempts to introduce transitive functions into memristors have given rise to gate-tunable memristive functions, hetero-plasticity and mixed-plasticity functions. However, it remains elusive under what application scenarios and in what ways transistors can benefit from the incorporation of ion-based memristive effects. Here, we introduce a new type of transistor named 'mempolar transistor' to the transistor family. Its polarity can be converted reversibly, in a nonvolatile fashion, between n-type and p-type depending on the history of the applied electrical stimulus. This is achieved by the use of the emerging semiconducting tellurium as the electrochemically active source/drain contact material, in combination with monolayer two-dimensional MoS2 channel, which results in a gated lateral Te/MoS2/Te memristor, or from a different perspective, a transistor whose channel can be converted reversibly between n-type MoS2 and p-type Te. With this unique mempolar function, our transistor holds the promise for reconfigurable logic circuits and secure circuits. In addition, we propose and demonstrate experimentally, a ternary content-addressable memory made of only two mempolar transistors, which used to require a dozen normal transistors, and by simulations, a device-inspired and hardware matched regularization method 'FlipWeight' for training artificial neural networks, which can achieve comparable performance to that achieved by the prevalent 'Dropout' and 'DropConnect' methods. This work represents a major advance in diversifying the functionality of transistors.
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mempolar transistor
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