The effect of two different methods on reducing the pain and fear during phlebotomy to children: A randomized controlled trial

Nese Oluc,Fatma Tas Arslan


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Introduction: Reducing pain and fear during painful medical procedures in children is important since mismanagement of pain causes the child and parent to feel anxious, which can have negative long-term consequences. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of two different distraction methods in reducing pain and fear during the phlebotomy procedure in children.Method: The study, which has a randomized controlled experimental design was conducted between July and October 2020 with 111 children aged 6-12 years who underwent phlebotomy in the emergency department of a public hospital and their parents. The children were randomly assigned to soap bubble blowing (n:37), ball squeezing (n:37) and control (n:37) groups. During the phlebotomy, soap bubble blowing, and ball squeezing methods were used as active distraction methods. Data were collected using the Wong Baker Faces Pain Rating Scale, and the Children's Fear Scale.Results: The pain scores of the soap bubble blowing group and the ball squeezing group during the phlebotomy procedure were found to be lower than the control group (p < 0.001). In addition, the soap bubble blowing group had lower fear scores than the ball squeezing and control groups (p < 0.001).Conclusion: The active distraction methods used in the study reduced pain and fear during the phlebotomy procedure. In addition, the method of soap bubble blowing was found to be a more effective method in reducing fear. Distraction methods should be used as a nursing intervention to reduce pain and fear during the phlebotomy procedure in children.
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