Adaptive Label Propagation for Group Anomaly Detection in Large-Scale Networks

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON KNOWLEDGE AND DATA ENGINEERING(2023)

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摘要
This paper concentrates on group anomalies in general large-scale networks. Existing algorithms on group anomalies mainly focus on homogeneous or bipartite networks, and thus are difficult to apply to heterogeneous networks directly. Moreover, these algorithms follow the non-overlapping hypothesis of groups implicitly, which is improper in many scenarios. For example, fraud users in Alibaba E-commerce platform may join more than one organization at the same time. In this paper, we introduce a novel algorithm called Adaptive Label Propagation (ALP) to solve these problems. ALP is designed based on label propagation (LP) frameworks, for the reason that LP-based frameworks are simple in thought and easy to scale. ALP is able to find overlapping groups by label propagation with belonging coefficients, and can be applied to heterogeneous networks for its design of adaptive neighbor weighting. Assigning different weights to neighbors in label propagation is a challenging task. Inspired by the combinatorial multi-armed bandit mechanism, ALP views the neighbors of each node as arms to be selected, and iteratively updates their weights by evaluating their expected rewards in following iterations. Experiments are conducted on four real-world networks (including two bipartite ones and two heterogeneous ones). The results show that LP-based methods are effective for detecting group anomalies, and the comparison results with several state-of-the-art label propagation based community detection methods show the effectiveness of the proposed method.
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关键词
Label propagation,heterogeneous network,adaptive neighbor weighting,group anomaly detection
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