Nano-scale charge trapping memory based on two-dimensional conjugated microporous polymer

SCIENTIFIC REPORTS(2023)

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摘要
There is a growing interest in new semiconductor nanostructures for future high-density high-performance flexible electronic devices. Two-dimensional conjugated microporous polymers (2D-CMPs) are promising candidates because of their inherent optoelectronic properties. Here, we are reporting a novel donor–acceptor type 2D-CMP based on Pyrene and Isoindigo ( PI ) for a potential nano-scale charge-trapping memory application. We exfoliated the PI polymer into ~ 2.5 nm thick nanoparticles (NPs) and fabricated a Metal–Insulator–Semiconductor (MIS) device with PI –NPs embedded in the insulator. Conductive AFM (cAFM) is used to examine the confinement mechanism as well as the local charge injection process, where ultrathin high-κ alumina supplied the energy barrier for confining the charge carrier transport. We have achieved a reproducible on-and-off state and a wide memory window (ΔV) of 1.5 V at a relatively small reading current. The device displays a low operation voltage (V < 1 V), with good retention (10 4 s), and endurance (10 3 cycles). Furthermore, a theoretical analysis is developed to affirm the measured charge carriers’ transport and entrapment mechanisms through and within the fabricated MIS structures. The PI –NPs act as a nanoscale floating gate in the MIS-based memory with deep trapping sites for the charged carriers. Moreover, our results demonstrate that the synthesized 2D-CMP can be promising for future low-power high-density memory applications.
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关键词
polymer,nano-scale,two-dimensional
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