Using digital cores and nuclear magnetic resonance to study pore-fracture structure and fluid mobility in tight volcanic rock reservoirs

Meng Du,Zhengming Yang, Enyuan Jiang, Jianrong Lv,Tiejun Yang,Wenming Wang, Jiuxin Wang,Yapu Zhang,Haibo Li, Ying Xu

JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES(2024)

Cited 0|Views29
No score
Abstract
Pore-fracture structure characterization and fluid mobility analysis are key to the effective development of tight reservoirs. However, it is difficult to accurately characterize the pore-fracture structure of tight volcanic rocks using a single method, and the mechanisms of fluid mobility are not fully understood. A combination of X-ray diffraction, casting thin section observations, scanning electron microscopy, high-pressure mercury injection, constant-speed mercury injection, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), X-ray computed tomography, and the advanced mathematical algorithms in the AVIZO visualization software was used to analyze the Permian tight volcanic rock in the ZhongGuai area of the Junggar Basin to investigate its overall pore-fracture structure characteristics. On this basis, NMR centrifugation experiments were conducted to monitor the fluid migration dynamics in the tight volcanic rocks, and the mobile fluid migration characteristics were studied based on the NMR T2 spectra. The results show that the porosity and permeability of the samples are 0.2-18.7 % (avg. of 8.3 %) and 0.001-6.680 x 10-3 mu m2 (avg. of 1.602 x 10-3 mu m2), respectively, and the various pore types are due to the differences in cementation and compaction. The distribution of the pore throats are mainly contiguous and isolated, and the connected pores are mainly distributed in enriched bands, which is due to the interconnection of gas pores, intergranular pores, and dissolution fractures; while the disconnected pores are mainly isolated, which is related to the development of inter-gravel dissolved pores and matrix dissolution pores. In addition, the contribution of the pore connectivity to seepage is greater than that at the pore scale. The pores in the tight volcanic rock have a wide range of sizes, from 3 nm to 120 mu m, and are dominated by Gaussian and bimodal distribution patterns. The micron-scale pore radius in this area is mainly 4.47-31.56 mu m. Also, the fractures can be divided into three types according to their occurrence and openings. They are mainly high-angle structural fractures and vertical fractures; the pore-fracture structures have strong heterogeneity, and the fractures play a larger role on the seepage of oil and gas. The connectivity of the pore throats in the tight matrix is poor, and the pore throat structure has a great influence on fluid mobility. Subsequently, the movable fluid saturation increases with increasing permeability, and the fractures and micropores have less flow resistance and are more conducive to water flow than small pores. This study provides new insights for the exploitation of similar tight reservoirs.
More
Translated text
Key words
Tight volcanic rock,CT scanning,Digital core,NMR,Quantitative characterization,Fluid mobility
AI Read Science
Must-Reading Tree
Example
Generate MRT to find the research sequence of this paper
Chat Paper
Summary is being generated by the instructions you defined