PAGE: Parallel Scalable Regionalization Framework.

ACM Trans. Spatial Algorithms Syst.(2023)

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Abstract
Regionalization techniques group spatial areas into a set of homogeneous regions to analyze and draw conclusions about spatial phenomena. A recent regionalization problem, called MP-regions, groups spatial areas to produce a maximum number of regions by enforcing a user-defined constraint at the regional level. The MP-regions problem is NP-hard. Existing approximate algorithms for MP-regions do not scale for large datasets due to their high computational cost and inherently centralized approaches to process data. This article introduces a parallel scalable regionalization framework ( PAGE ) to support MP-regions on large datasets. The proposed framework works in two stages. The first stage finds an initial solution through randomized search, and the second stage improves this solution through efficient heuristic search. To build an initial solution efficiently, we extend traditional spatial partitioning techniques to enable parallelized region building without violating the spatial constraints. Furthermore, we optimize the region building efficiency and quality by tuning the randomized area selection to trade off runtime with region homogeneity. The experimental evaluation shows the superiority of our framework to support an order of magnitude larger datasets efficiently compared to the state-of-the-art techniques while producing high-quality solutions.
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parallel scalable regionalization framework
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