Tachyarrhythmia after the total cavopulmonary connection: incidence, prognosis, and risk factors.

Cardiology in the young(2023)

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Abstract
OBJECTIVE:The purpose of this study is to evaluate the incidence and outcomes regarding tachyarrhythmia in patients after total cavopulmonary connection. METHODS:A retrospective analysis of 620 patients who underwent total cavopulmonary connection between 1994 and 2021 at our institution was performed. Incidence of tachyarrhythmia was depicted, and results after onset of tachyarrhythmia were evaluated. Factors associated with the onset of tachyarrhythmia were identified. RESULTS:A total of 52 (8%) patients presented with tachyarrhythmia that required medical therapy. Onset during hospital stay was observed in 27 patients, and onset after hospital discharge was observed in 32 patients. Freedom from late tachyarrhythmia following total cavopulmonary connection at 5, 10, and 15 years was 97, 95, and 91%, respectively. The most prevalent late tachyarrhythmia was atrial flutter (50%), followed by supraventricular tachycardia (25%) and ventricular tachycardia (25%). Direct current cardioversion was required in 12 patients, and 7 patients underwent electrophysiological study. Freedom from Fontan circulatory failure after onset of tachyarrhythmia at 10 and 15 years was 78% and 49%, respectively. Freedom from occurrence of decreased ventricular systolic function after the onset of tachyarrhythmia at 5 years was 85%. Independent factors associated with late tachyarrhythmia were dominant right ventricle (hazard ratio, 2.52, p = 0.02) and weight at total cavopulmonary connection (hazard ratio, 1.03 per kilogram; p = 0.04). Type of total cavopulmonary connection at total cavopulmonary connection was not identified as risk. CONCLUSIONS:In our large cohort of 620 patients following total cavopulmonary connection, the incidence of late tachyarrhythmia was low. Patients with dominant right ventricle and late total cavopulmonary connection were at increased risk for late tachyarrhythmia following total cavopulmonary connection.
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total cavopulmonary connection
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