Maximizing atmospheric-disturbed fiber coupling efficiency with speckle-based phase retrieval and a single-pixel camera

Applied optics(2023)

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摘要
An approach to adaptive optics utilizing a single-pixel camera (SPC) is proposed to maximize fiber coupling effi-ciency at the receiver side of an optical satellite-to-ground link perturbed by atmospheric turbulence. Using a single-pixel wavefront sensor enables operation at longer optical wavelengths, such as near and far infrared, which have advantageous propagation characteristics for free space optical communication. In this approach, a focal plane intensity image of the atmospheric-disturbed wavefront is taken via an SPC using a compressed sensing tech-nique. An iterative speckle-based phase retrieval algorithm is then applied to infer the phase distortion corrected by a deformable mirror in a feedback loop. This computational approach to inferring the phase of the wavefront overcomes the limitations of traditional Shack-Hartman-based approaches, which are difficult to implement at high speed and at the long infrared wavelengths proposed for future optical satellite communication downlinks. It has been shown that fiber coupling efficiency is increased from less than 5% to 40%-50% in medium-to-strong turbulence scenarios with the phase retrieval algorithm proposed in this work.& COPY; 2023 Optica Publishing Group
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关键词
phase retrieval,fiber,atmospheric-disturbed,speckle-based,single-pixel
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