Does Aortic Arch Anatomy Affect Stroke Laterality in Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation?


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Background. Current data reveal a predominace of left as opposed to right-sided cerebral strokes after transcatether aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Aortic arch variations might raise the likelihood of cardioembolic particles entering predominantly the left cerebral circulation during catheter tracking and manipulation. Aim. We sought to analyse the impact of aortic arch anatomy on stroke laterality (right vs. left) in patients undergoing TAVR. Methods. All patients who developed a symptomatic, periprocedural left- or right-sided ischemic stroke after TAVR between June 2007 and August 2022 were included in this study. Multislice computed tomography (MSCT) analysis was used to assess aortic arch anatomy, arch configuration (types I-III), arch tortuosity, and the determination of the take-off angles of the supraaortic arteries. Results. The final study cohort comprised 77 patients. Periprocedural ischemic stroke was left-sided in 66.2% of the patients (n = 51) and right-sided in 33.8% (n = 26) (p = 0.006). MSCT analysis revealed a standard aortic arch branching pattern in 70.1% (n = 54) and a common origin of the brachiocephalic and left common arteries (bovine arch anatomy) in 29.9% (n = 23) of the patients. There was no association between the anatomical variations of the aortic arch and stroke laterality p=0.601. Frequency of arch configuration types was 15.6% (type I), 74.0% (type II), and 10.4% (type III). There was no correlation between the different types of configuration and the laterality of periprocedural stroke (type I: p=0.526, type II: p=0.585, and type III: p=1.000). Aortic arch tortuosity and angulation of the supraaortic arteries did also not differ between right- and left-sided strokes. Conclusion. Our data add evidence that there is a significant propensity for left-hemispheric strokes in patients undergoing TAVR. However, MSCT analysis in our cohort did not reveal an association between aortic arch geometry and laterality of stroke.
transcatheter aortic valve implantation,stroke
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