Interactive mechanism and friction modelling of transient tribological phenomena in metal forming processes: A review


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The accurate representation of tribological boundary conditions at the tool-workpiece interface is crucial for analysis and optimization of formability, material flow, and surface quality of components during metal forming processes. It has been found that these tribological conditions vary spatially and historically with process parameters and contact conditions. These time-dependent tribological behaviours are also known as transient tribological phenomena, which are widely observed during forming processes and many other manufacturing application scenarios. However, constant friction values are usually assigned to represent complex and dynamic interfacial conditions, which would introduce deviations in the relevant predictions. In this paper, transient tribological phenomena and the contemporary understanding of the interaction between friction and wear are reviewed, and it has been found that these phenomena are induced by the transitions of friction mechanisms and highly dependent on complex loading conditions at the interface. Friction modelling techniques for transient behaviours for metal forming applications are also reviewed. To accurately describe the evolutionary friction values and corresponding wear during forming, the advanced interactive friction modelling has been established for different application scenarios, including lubricated condition, dry sliding condition (metal-on-metal contact), and coated system.
transient tribological phenomena,interactive friction mechanism,modelling techniques,metal forming
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