Watching Stars in Pixels: The Interplay of Traffic Shaping and YouTube Streaming QoE over GEO Satellite Networks

Passive and Active Measurement Lecture Notes in Computer Science(2023)

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摘要
Geosynchronous satellite (GEO) networks are a crucial option for users beyond terrestrial connectivity. However, unlike terrestrial networks, GEO networks exhibit high latency and deploy TCP proxies and traffic shapers. The deployment of proxies effectively mitigates the impact of high network latency in GEO networks, while traffic shapers help realize customer-controlled data-saver options that optimize data usage. It is unclear how the interplay between GEO networks' high latency, TCP proxies, and traffic-shaping policies affects the quality of experience (QoE) for commonly used video applications. To fill this gap, we analyze the quality of over $2$k YouTube video sessions streamed across a production GEO network with a $900$Kbps shaping rate. Given the average bit rates for the selected videos, we expected seamless streaming at $360$p or lower resolutions. However, our analysis reveals that this is not the case: $28\%$ of TCP sessions and $18\%$ of gQUIC sessions experience rebuffering events, while the median average resolution is only $380$p for TCP and $299$p for gQUIC. Our analysis identifies two key factors contributing to sub-optimal performance: (i)unlike TCP, gQUIC only utilizes $63\%$ of network capacity; and (ii)YouTube's imperfect chunk request pipelining. As a result of our study, the partner GEO ISP discontinued support for the low-bandwidth data-saving option in U.S. business and residential markets to avoid potential degradation of video quality -- highlighting the practical significance of our findings.
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关键词
streaming qoe,traffic shaping,geo satellite networks
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