Platelet-mimetic nano-sensor for combating postoperative recurrence and wound infection of triple-negative breast cancer

Journal of controlled release : official journal of the Controlled Release Society(2023)

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Tumor recurrence mainly triggered by tumor residual cells significantly contributes to mortality following breast tumor resection, and meanwhile post-surgical bacterial wound infections may accelerate tumor recurrence due to a series of infection-related complications. In this study, a nano-sensor system, Van-ICG@PLT, is constructed by a membrane camouflage and small molecule drug self-assembly strategy. This nano-sensor harnesses the innate tropism of platelets (PLT) to deliver vancomycin (Van) and indocyanine green (ICG) to surgical incisions, effectively eliminating both residual tumor cells and bacterial infections. Our findings demonstrate that Van-ICG@PLT preferentially accumulates at surgical wound. Under near-infrared (NIR) laser irradiation, Van-ICG@PLT exhibits significant cytotoxicity against 4T1 cells. Additionally, it is found to significantly promote ROS production thus inhibiting Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) growth, underscoring the synergistic benefits of phototherapy in combination with antibiotic treatment. In the 4T1 post-surgery recurrence mice model, Van-ICG@PLT is shown to efficiently ablate tumors in tumor-bearing mice (tumor inhibition rate of about 83%), and it demonstrates an excellent anti-infective effect in mice abscess models. Taken together, Van-ICG@PLT represents a promising paradigm in post-surgical adjuvant therapy (PAT). Its dual benefit in inhibiting cancer growth and promoting antibacterial activity makes Van-ICG@PLT a valuable addition to the existing arsenal of therapeutic options available for breast cancer patients.
Tumor recurrence,Wound infection,Biomimetic nanosystem,Platelet membrane,Phototherapy
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