Precision Surgery for Orbital Cavernous Hemangiomas: The Role of Three-Dimensional Printing in Individualized Resection-An Educational Experience


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Orbital cavernous hemangiomas are the most common primary orbital tumors in adults, providing challenges for optimal surgical approach planning within an anatomically complex area with close proximity to vital neurovascular structures. The authors present an individualized lateral mini-orbitozygomatic approach for the resection of an orbital cavernous haemangioma based on a preoperative 3-dimensional-printed model. This individualized approach enabled the surgeons to achieve optimal exposure while maintaining safety during the resection of the lesion, but also to respect the patient's physiognomy and hairline. In addition, the model was used for patient informed consent, helping the patient understand the procedure. Although adding additional effort to preoperative planning, 3-dimensional model-based approaches can offer great benefits when it comes to customizing surgical approaches, especially for anatomically challenging resections.
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Key words
3D-printed model,individualized surgery,orbital cavernous hemangioma,patient informed consent
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