Search for Light Dark Matter from the Atmosphere in PandaX-4T

PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS(2023)

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摘要
We report a search for light dark matter produced through the cascading decay of & eta; mesons, which are created as a result of inelastic collisions between cosmic rays and Earth's atmosphere. We introduce a new and general framework, publicly accessible, designed to address boosted dark matter specifically, with which a full and dedicated simulation including both elastic and quasielastic processes of Earth attenuation effect on the dark matter particles arriving at the detector is performed. In the PandaX-4T commissioning data of 0.63 tonne & BULL; year exposure, no significant excess over background is observed. The first constraints on the interaction between light dark matter generated in the atmosphere and nucleus through a light scalar mediator are obtained. The lowest excluded cross section is set at 5.9 x 10-37 cm2 for a dark matter mass of 0.1 MeV/c2 and mediator mass of 300 MeV/c2. The lowest upper limit of & eta; to the dark matter decay branching ratio is 1.6 x 10-7.
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关键词
light dark matter,dark matter,atmosphere
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